How to create your own domain / website on Amazon ec2

Step 0: Easy Alternatives

Before you dive first into making a full blown website, make sure you have some experience:

– Writing a blog using WordPress, Blogger, etc.

– Writing HTML/CSS for a static website on your computer, such as from Codeacademy.

 

Step 1: Settings up a server

Create a free account on Amazon ec2, which will allow you to create a free server “micro” instance for 1 year. Creating an account requires a credit card and a phone number for activation.

From within ec2, create a new instance. For the purpose of this tutorial, we will choose Ubuntu Server 64 bit (14.04). Other versions of Ubuntu should work with this guide.

 

aws-launch-instance-step-02

Step 2: Create a key pair.

During the ec2 instantiation process, you will be asked to create a key pair. You can pick any name, but make sure to save this file in a place where it wont be deleted. Backup this file, as it is required to access your server.

Amazon-EC2-LAMP-tutorial-07

 

Step 3: Security Group Settings: Enable HTTP (and optionally HTTPS):

For your web server to be visible on the internet, you need to unblock port 80 (and optionally 443 for HTTPS).

add_rule_sg_source_gwt

Step 4: Start the new instance, and note the public DNS:

In the instances control panel, find the public DNS. This will be used to connect to the machine

aws_public_dns

 

Step 5: SSH into your new machine

Step 5a: MacOSX / Linux

On a mac, use the already installed ssh command from the folder where you downloaded the secret key (“KeyPairName.pem”). You will need to change the DNS in this line:

You may need to enter yes the first time to accept the public key.

Step 5b: Windows

On Windows, download putty and puttygen. Using puttygen, load the private key (.pem) from step 2. You will need to select all file types when loading, since the extension does not match ppk. Then, save the private key.

1-2-generate-private-key

Then, in PuTTY, set the address to ubuntu@ec2-xx-your-dns-here.compute.amazonaws.com, and also browse for the private key in Connections->SSH->Auth:

putty_private_key

To save these settings later, type a session name on and save. Finally, connect to the machine with “open”

putty_session1

 

 

You may need to enter yes the first time to accept the public key.

Step 6: Install a web server, such as Apache2 :

After SSH-ing, type and run the following commands:

Step 7: Test your new website:

Go to http://your-dns, and you should be greeted with the following page

default_apache

Step 8: Download an SCP client to upload files

You can skip this step if you are comfortable with using the linux terminal to modify files. All apache2 files are located in /var/www/html

For windows, download WinSCP. For MacOSX, use cyberduck.

On both, you will login to ubuntu@yourdns.com . Additionally, you will need to specify the private key file:

winscp-resized-600

cyberduck-2

 

You should now be able to upload files to the /var/www/html directory.

Step 9: (Optional) Install MySQL, PHP5, and phpmyadmin:

This step is useful if you with to deploy a web application that uses PHP and MySQL (such as wordpress.org):

Please note the MySQL root password during the installation process.

Step 10: (Optional) Install WordPress

From SSH, type cd /var/www/html to navigate to the web root.

a. Download and decompress wordpress:

sudo wget wget https://wordpress.org/latest.tar.gz

sudo tar -xzvf latest.tar.gz

b. Navigate to http://yourdns/phpmyadmin and login as root

Create a new database (collation) for wordpress

Create a new user, and add all permissions for the wordpress database

c. Navigate to http://yourdns/wordpress (or wherever your wordpress tar.gz was extracted)

Complete the instructions on screen by entering the login information from step b. You may be required to create a new file called wp-config.php. If so, do this from the terminal and within the wordpress directory:

sudo nano wp-config.php

#now you can paste the contents of wp-config

#now you can ctrl-x to quit (hit y to save)

d. Navigate again to http://yourdns/wordpress to complete the process

Step 11: Getting a free subdomain

To get a free subdomain, such as mywebsite.mooo.com, you can use the afraid.org service.

After creating an account, add a new subdomain:

ddns-add

The type of the subdomain should be “A”, and the IP destination should be the IP address of your server. To get the IP address, you can type “ping yourdns” in the terminal (cmd on windows).

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